GWT

This is a beta version. If you find errors, please report them or change them!

GWT makes it easy to create custom user interface elements. There are three general strategies to follow:

There are numerous third party libraries that provide widgets you can integrate into your GWT module that were created using the strategies listed above.

Building Composites

The most effective way to create new widgets is to extend the Composite class. A composite is a specialized widget that can contain another component (typically, a Panel) but behaves as if it were its contained widget. You can easily combine groups of existing widgets into a composite that is itself a reusable widget. Some of the UI components provided in GWT are composites: for example, the TabPanel (a composite of a TabBar and a DeckPanel) and the SuggestBox.

Rather than create complex widgets by subclassing Panel or another Widget type, it's better to create a composite because a composite usually wants to control which methods are publicly accessible without exposing those methods that it would inherit from its Panel superclass.

Example Composite Widget

The following code snippet shows how to create a composite widget composed of a TextBox widget and a CheckBox widget laid out in a VerticalPanel.

package com.google.gwt.examples;
import com.google.gwt.core.client.EntryPoint;
import com.google.gwt.event.dom.client.ClickHandler;
import com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.CheckBox;
import com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.Composite;
import com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.RootPanel;
import com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.TextBox;
import com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.VerticalPanel;
import com.google.gwt.user.client.ui.Widget;
public class CompositeExample implements EntryPoint {
  /**
   * A composite of a TextBox and a CheckBox that optionally enables it.
   */
  private static class OptionalTextBox extends Composite implements
      ClickHandler {
    private TextBox textBox = new TextBox();
    private CheckBox checkBox = new CheckBox();
    /**
     * Constructs an OptionalTextBox with the given caption on the check.
     * 
     * @param caption the caption to be displayed with the check box
     */
    public OptionalTextBox(String caption) {
      // Place the check above the text box using a vertical panel.
      VerticalPanel panel = new VerticalPanel();
      panel.add(checkBox);
      panel.add(textBox);
      // Set the check box's caption, and check it by default.
      checkBox.setText(caption);
      checkBox.setChecked(true);
      checkBox.addClickHandler(this);
      // All composites must call initWidget() in their constructors.
      initWidget(panel);
      // Give the overall composite a style name.
      setStyleName("example-OptionalCheckBox");
    }
    public void onClick(ClickEvent event) {
      Object sender = event.getSource();
      if (sender == checkBox) {
        // When the check box is clicked, update the text box's enabled state.
        textBox.setEnabled(checkBox.isChecked());
      }
    }
    /**
     * Sets the caption associated with the check box.
     * 
     * @param caption the check box's caption
     */
    public void setCaption(String caption) {
      // Note how we use the use composition of the contained widgets to provide
      // only the methods that we want to.
      checkBox.setText(caption);
    }
    /**
     * Gets the caption associated with the check box.
     * 
     * @return the check box's caption
     */
    public String getCaption() {
      return checkBox.getText();
    }
  }
  public void onModuleLoad() {
    // Create an optional text box and add it to the root panel.
    OptionalTextBox otb = new OptionalTextBox("Check this to enable me");
    RootPanel.get().add(otb);
  }
}

From Scratch in Java Code

It is also possible to create a widget from scratch, although it is trickier since you have to write code at a lower level. Many of the basic widgets are written this way, such as Button and TextBox. Please refer to the implementations of these widgets to understand how to create your own.

To understand how to create your own, refer to the implementations of these widgets in the com.google.gwt.user.client.ui package. The source code is in gwt-user.jar.

Using JavaScript

When implementing a custom widget that derives directly from the Widget base class, you may also write some of the widget's methods using JavaScript. This should generally only be done as a last resort, as it becomes necessary to consider the cross-browser implications of the native methods that you write, and also becomes more difficult to debug. For an example of this pattern in practice, see the TextBox widget and the underlying JavaScript implementation of some of its methods in the TextBoxImpl class. You should use deferred binding to isolate browser specific code.